Volney Morgan Spalding


Botany & Zoology 1876-1904

VOLNEY MORGAN SPALDING was born at East Bloomfield, New York, January 29, 1849, son of Frederick Austin and Almlira (Shaw) Spalding. On his father's side he is descended from Edward Spalding, who came from England about 1631 and settled in Massachusetts. His mother was of Scotch-Irish descent. He received a preliminary education in the public schools of Gorham, New York, and at the Ann Arbor High School. He entered the University of Michigan in 1869 and was graduated Bachelor of Arts in 1873. His further preparation for professional life included work in Cryptogamic and Physiological Botany at Harvard University, in Anatomy at Cornell, in Histology at the University of Pennsylvania, and in Plant Physiology at Jena. The years from 1892 to 1894 he spent at the University of Leipzig, where he received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the conclusion of his studies. The years from 1873 to 1876 were spent in public school work, first as principal of the Battle Creek High School, and later of the Flint High School. He was called to the University of Michigan in 1876, and filled the following positions successively: Instructor in Zoology and Botany, 1876-1879; Assistant Professor of Botany, 1879-1881; Acting Professor of Botany, 1881-1886; Professor of Botany, 1886-1904. He resigned his professorship in 1904 to reside in a more salubrious climate, and is at present connected with the Desert Botanical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution, at Tucson, Arizona. He is the author of "Guide to the Study of Common Plants and Introduction to Botany " (1894), and of a large number of papers in the scientific journals. He is a member of the Michigan Academy of Science, and was its president in 1898. He is also a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a member of the Association Internationale des Botanistes, and an honorary member of the Society of American Foresters. He was married in 1876 to Harriet Hubbard; and some years after her death, to Effie Almira Southworth (B.S. 1885).

Burke A. Hinsdale and Isaac Newton Demmon, History of the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1906), pp. 275-276.